A Review to Identify the Gaps in Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV Services in Nigeria

Main Article Content

A. F. Chizoba
P. O. U. Adogu
H. N. Chineke

Abstract

Background: Nigeria has the second largest burden of maternal to child transmission of HIV (MTCT) in the world at a rate of 30% and has the largest burden of paediatric HIV infection globally at the rate of 10%. Effective prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) can drastically reduce the paediatric HIV infection to 2%. However, recent evidence reveals yawning gaps in the PMTCT services in Nigeria, where out of estimated 9.2 million pregnancies, only about 3 million received HIV counselling and testing (HCT). This review is to unravel the unmet needs for PMTCT of HIV services in Nigeria.

Methods: Keywords from objectives of review are MTCT and PMTCT which were used to search for related literatures through online libraries of national and international journals; Medline and PubMed including google. 62 related literatures/studies were initially generated and then narrowed down to 19 literatures were selected which met the inclusion criteria- less than 10 year and related to objective of review.

Findings: There are unmet needs for PMTCT of HIV services in Nigeria due to challenges like low HCT/PMTCT service uptake (35.5%), low HCT/PMTCT service delivery facilities (27%), low ANC (58%) and low (35%) delivery in formal health setting.

Conclusion: PMTCT target in Nigeria has not been met. Regular training of existing health workforce including the TBAs and the adoption of the recommendations for an HIV-free generation will bridge the HCT / PMTCT of HIV services gap identified in this review.

Keywords:
PMTCT, gaps, HIV, child transmission

Article Details

How to Cite
Chizoba, A. F., Adogu, P. O. U., & Chineke, H. N. (2020). A Review to Identify the Gaps in Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV Services in Nigeria. Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, 26(8), 67-78. https://doi.org/10.9734/jsrr/2020/v26i830296
Section
Review Article

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